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Ezekiel 25:1-17


J. Vernon McGee observed “…from here on Ezekiel will not be giving any prophecies concerning the destruction of Jerusalem, because he is not writing history; he is writing prophecy.  So now he turns to the surrounding nations.”  [THRU THE BIBLE, Vol. III, p. 485, col.1, par.3]  This prophecy was written at the same time as chapter 24.  In the two or three previous invasions carried out by Nebuchadnezzar in Judea and Jerusalem the Moabites and Ammonites had been used like mercenaries to bolster Nebuchadnezzar’s army.  They may have actually helped profane or rob God’s sanctuary in those previous raids on Judah and Jerusalem they took part in as part of Nebuchadnezzar’s army (605BC and 597BC).  But as you remember, Ammon and Moab had participated in that unwise alliance king Zedekiah of Judah had made with Pharaoh Hophra.  Now with the final destruction of Judah and Jerusalem over with, the Moabites and Ammonites---thinking they’ve been spared and their treasonous acts toward Nebuchadnezzar forgotten by him, or not being held accountable for their part in that alliance with Pharaoh Hophra against Babylon---are saying “Aha!” and gloating over Jerusalem’s fall.  What if three boys, friends, had done something bad, and one got caught by the police, and the others were gloating over the fact that “they got away with it,” and yet a little later on the police learned the whole story?  Well, Nebuchadnezzar knew the whole story, even though the people of Moab and Ammon didn’t realize it, thought they’d gotten away with it.


Proclamation against Ammon


Verses 1-7, “The word of the LORD came to me, saying, ‘Son of man, set your face against the Ammonites, and prophesy against them.  Say to the Ammonites, Hear the word of the Lord GOD:  Because you said, ‘Aha!’ against my sanctuary when it was profaned, and against the land of Israel when it was desolate, and against the house of Judah when they went into captivity, indeed, therefore, I will deliver you as a possession to the men of the East, and they shall set their encampments among you; they shall eat your fruit, and they shall drink your milk.  And I will make Rabbah a stable for camels and Ammon a resting place for flocks.  Then you shall know that I am the LORD.’  For thus says the Lord GOD:  Because you clapped your hands, stamped your feet, and rejoiced in heart with all your disdain for the land of Israel, indeed, therefore, I will stretch out my hand against you, and give you as plunder to the nations; I will cut you off from the peoples, and I will cause you to perish from the countries; I will destroy you, and you shall know that I am the LORD.’


Proclamation against Moab


Verses 8-11, “Thus says the Lord GOD:  ‘Because Moab and Seir say, Look!  The house of Judah is like all the nations,’ therefore, behold, I will clear the territory of Moab of cities, of the cities on its frontier, the glory of the country, Beth Jeshimoth, Baal Meon, and Kirjathaim.  To the men of the East I will give it as a possession, together with the Ammonites, that the Ammonites may not be remembered among the nations.  And I will execute judgments upon Moab, and they shall know that I am the LORD.’” 


Proclamation against Edom


Edom, obviously, due to their continual hatred and harassment of the Jews and Israelites, took part in the taking of Jerusalem’s spoils.  The short book of Obediah gives us God’s judgment against Edom, which had the rock-hewn city of Petra for its capital.  The reasons for God’s judgment are listed here.  Verses 12-13, “Thus says the Lord GOD:  ‘Because of what Edom did against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and has greatly offended by avenging itself on them,’ therefore thus says the Lord GOD:  ‘I will also stretch out my hand against Edom, cut off man and beast from it, and make it desolate from Teman; Dedan shall fall by the sword.”  Then God’s judgment on the race of Edom looks way into the future, to the end-times, in verse 14.  This never happened during the time of Nebuchadnezzar.  Judah was in captivity, and the House of Israel was living way off to the north of Asia Minor in Scythia.  Verse 14, “I will lay my vengeance on Edom by the hand of my people Israel, that they may do in Edom according to my anger and according to my fury; and they shall know my vengeance,’ says the Lord GOD.”  This potentially refers to Edom’s total destruction at Christ’s return.  The modern descendants of Edom are thought by some to be the Turks, the nation of Turkey, as well as the Palestinians, who are a blended race who could be of the peoples mentioned in this chapter.  The Moabites and Ammonites are the modern-day Jordanians, and are the descendants of the two sons Lot’s daughters bore him, Ammon and Moab.


Proclamation against Philistia


Verses 15-17, “Thus says the Lord GOD:  ‘Because the Philistines dealt vengefully and took vengeance with a spiteful heart, to destroy because of the old hatred [margin: perpetual],’ therefore thus says the Lord GOD:  ‘I will stretch out my hand against the Philistines, and I will cut off the Cherethites and destroy the remnant of the seacoast.  I will execute great vengeance on them with furious rebukes; and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I lay my vengeance upon them.’”  The Philistines had been a constant enemy of first the united kingdom of Israel under Saul and David, and continued to be a thorn in Judah’s side.  They inhabited the coastal region we know now as the Gaza Strip.  The time for Philistia’s destruction is not stated here, but by the context it occurred at the same time of Nebuchadnezzar’s conquest of Judah and Jerusalem, at the hands of the Babylonian army, whose conquest went right to the Egyptian border.


Ezekiel 26:1-21


J. Vernon McGee has, “Chapters 26-28 give us prophecies against Tyre and Sidon.  Tyre and Sidon belong together like pork and beans, or ham and eggs.  You never think of one without the other.  These chapters are a marvelous example of the exactness of the literal fulfillment of prophecy. Tyre was the capital of the great Phoenician nation which was famous for seagoing traders.  They plied the Mediterranean and even went beyond that.  We know today that they went around the Pillars of Hercules and the Rock of Gibraltar, and into Great Britain, where they obtained tin.  They established a colony in North Africa [Carthage or Kirjath-Hadeschath].  Tarshish in Spain was founded by these people [modern-day Cadiz, Spain].  They were great colonizers and went a lot farther than we used to think they did in their explorations [see “America BC” by Barry Fell].  Tyre was a great and proud city.  Hiram, king of Tyre, had been a good friend of David and supplied him with building materials.  Solomon and Hiram did not get along as well as David and Hiram had.  Apparently Hiram was a great king.  But also the center of Baal worship was in Tyre and Sidon. Jezebel, the daughter of a king and former priestess [of Baal], married Ahab, king of Israel, and introduced Baal worship into the northern kingdom [see]…”Her daughters” (verse 6), I believe, [are] the colonies she established.  She had established one on the island of Cyprus, by the way.  Cyprus means “copper”, and she obtained copper from there.  The Phoenicians were the traders who brought these metals into the ancient civilized world.  [THRU THE BIBLE, Vol. III, col.1, par. 1-3, col.2 par.8]  Again, for a very interesting read, see Barry Fell’s “America BC”, which documents that the Phoenician’s had actually set up copper mines in Wisconsin and had been transporting copper ingots down the Mississippi River.  They combined the copper with the tin they were mining in Wales to manufacture bronze for tools and weapons which they then sold for a decent profit in the Middle East and elsewhere.  They were a real mercantile empire.  Halley has, “These visions of the doom of Tyre were given to Ezekiel in the same year Jerusalem fell…a prophecy of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege, and Tyre’s Permanent Desolation.  Next year (585BC) Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Tyre.  It took 13 years to conquer the city (585-573BC).  Tyre, located 60 miles northwest of Nazareth, was a double-city, one part on an island, the other part on the mainland in a fertile and well-watered plain at the western foot of the Lebanon Mountain Range.  It was the great [Phoenician] maritime power of the ancient world, at its zenith from the 12th to the 6th centuries BC, with colonies on the north and west coasts of Africa, in Spain, and Britain, controlling the commerce of the Mediterranean, with the wares of all nations passing through its port. [Tyre] was a city renowned for its splendor and fabulous wealth.  With its subjugation by Nebuchadnezzar it ceased to be an independent power…”  [Halley’s Bible Handbook, p. 330]  Again see .  Don’t forget, the Tyrian-Phoenician Empire had combined it’s mercantile merchant marine-navy with that of the northern House of Israel, plying the oceans of the world for wealth.  As we saw in that commentary, from the 900s BC to the 700s BC, this was a combined sea-going merchant-marine/navy.  Most historians don’t realize that, due to the stigma everyone seems to have against Israel, and everything to do with the name Israel.  Even Gentile Christianity has this misguided concept that the House of Israel was this tiny little nation in the Middle East that had no great influence outside of it’s own regional area.  What Halley fails to mention is that Nebuchadnezzar only succeeded in conquering the mainland portion of this powerful city-state, and that took him 13 long hard years of siege warfare.  The island portion of this city-state remained free right up to is siege and destruction by Alexander the Great in 332 BC.  The city-state of Tyre did grudgingly pay homage to Nebuchadnezzar, and their royal family was taken to Babylon (cf. Jeremiah 28).  Verse 3 says that Tyre, and by extrapolation the whole Phoenician Empire, would be destroyed, and this destruction not all at once, but coming in successive waves, like the waves of the sea.  When Nebuchadnezzar couldn’t finish the job, God sent Alexander the Great to do it.  During both of these sieges, especially the later one of Alexander all the wealthy Phoenicians along with their entire maritime merchant-marine/navy migrated westward to their colonies in Carthage (Kirjath-Hadeschath), Sicily, Tarshish on the Atlantic side of
Spain and on into their colonies along the coasts of the British Isles and western Europe.  Backing up, let’s take a look at the larger historic picture here.  God had it in for the whole Phoenician Empire.  Yes, in successive conquering waves, God saw to it that Tyre was destroyed, never to rise again.  But he also did that for the entire Phoenician Empire and race as an independent people.  After the majority of Phoenicians had fled westward, with the ships of their massive maritime merchant-marine/navy, destruction followed them, as first the Greek navy exerted greater control over the Mediterranean from the Battle of Salamis onward, and then from Rome during the Punic Wars, where Carthage was totally destroyed and laid waste.  The Phoenicians after that, slowly ceased to be a race of people, being absorbed into the indigenous races in the lands where their colonies had existed, even in BC America.  Why?  Why was God so angry at them?  It was the Phoenicians, in their mercantile maritime alliance with Israel, which had infected first the northern House of Israel, and then the southern House of Judah with Baal-worship and its insidious practices of child-sacrifices.  For a full treatment of this subject read through my commentary on Kings & Chronicles starting at and see also .  See also Barry Fell’s book “America BC” to read about the extensive colonization and mining of the Phoenicians on the North American Continent.  But by the 200s BC nothing more is heard about them, as they were totally absorbed or driven off by the indigenous Native American races whom they had transported over here from BC Europe, Libya and Egypt. 


Duality of part of this prophecy


Is there a duality to these prophecies?  We saw there was a duality between ancient Babylon and Babylon the Great mentioned in the Book of Revelation (chapters 13, 17 and 18), where key elements of the Babylonian Mystery Religion have been transferred into Rome and then on into the Roman Catholic Church.  It is an interesting fact of history that the Phoenicians dwelling on the island portion of their capital city of Tyre had built huge 160 foot retaining walls around it, even placing these walls out into the sea well below sea-level, and then pumping out the sea-water so that now part of this island city was well below sea-level.  Huge tall buildings, ancient sky-scrapers, towered above these walls.  Interestingly enough an unknown race of people with knowledge of hydraulic engineering and construction like this settled in northern Italy, creating a huge city in the middle of a river, the city of Venice.  Also the northern Italians are called Tyroleans, and look entirely different from the normal Italians to the south of them in the rest of Italy.  The Romish or Holy Roman Empire system prophecied to arise in Europe during the end-times could then very well fit the Bible’s prophetic reference as being Babylon or as Tyre, both powerful pagan mercantile systems.  The huge future sea-going mercantile system symbolized by Tyre and Babylon will soon supplant that of America and the English speaking nations.  But in the duality of the prophecy in Ezekiel 26, we see God saying this evil Babylonian-Tyrian mercantile system will fall, never to rise again.  “And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory.  And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.  For all the nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies.” (Revelation 18:1-3).  This huge future sea-going mercantile system symbolized by Tyre and Babylon will soon supplant that of America and the English speaking nations.  But in the duality of the prophecy in Ezekiel 26, we see God saying this evil Babylonian-Tyrian mercantile system will fall, never to rise again.  We are now on the very door-step of seeing this evil system which is about to arise out of Europe.


Verses 1-6, “And it came to pass in the eleventh year, on the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came to me, saying, ‘Son of man, because Tyre has said against Jerusalem, Aha!  She is broken who was the gateway of the peoples; now she is turned over to me; I shall be filled; she is laid waste.’  Therefore thus says the Lord GOD:  ‘Behold, I am against you, O Tyre, and will cause many nations to come up against you, as the sea causes its waves to come up.  And they shall destroy the walls of Tyre and break down her towers; I will also scrape her dust from her, and make her like the top of a rock.  It shall be a place for spreading nets in the midst of the sea, for I have spoken,’ says the Lord GOD; ‘it shall become plunder for the nations.  Also her daughter villages which are in the fields shall be slain by the sword.  Then they shall know that I am the LORD.’  The King James has for verse 6, “And her daughters which are in the field shall be slain by the sword; and they shall know that I am the LORD.”  These “daughters which are in the field” would be Tyre’s major colonies, such as Carthage and Tarshish, Carthage being the strongest.  History has shown us what happened to Carthage.


First “Wave” of Conquest to Come Against Tyre, from Babylon


Verses 7-11, “For thus says the Lord GOD:  ‘Behold, I will bring against Tyre from the north Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, king of kings, with horses, with chariots, and with horsemen, and an army with many people.  He will slay with the sword your daughter villages in the fields; he will heap up a siege mound against you, build a wall against you, and raise a defense against you.  He will direct his battering rams against your walls, and with his axes break down your towers.  Because of the abundance of his horses, their dust will cover you; your walls will shake at the noise of the horsemen, the wagons, and the chariots, when he enters your gates, as men enter a city that has been breached.  With the hooves of his horses he will trample all your streets; he will slay your people by the sword, and your strong pillars will fall to the ground.”


“He” changes to “They”, Next Wave of Conquest to Follow---from Alexander the Great


Verses 12-14, “They will plunder your riches and pillage your merchandise; they will break down your walls and destroy your pleasant houses; they will lay your stones, your timber, and your soil in the midst of the water.”  The personal pronoun has changed from “he” representing Nebuchadnezzar to “they” representing the next wave of conquest, which Alexander the Great brought on Tyre.  Nebuchadnezzar had conquered the mainland portion of the city-state of Tyre, but the Tyrians had merely moved to the island portion of the city when Nebuchadnezzar finally breached the walls of the mainland portion of the city after 13 years of siege warfare.  How could even the mainland portion of Tyre hold out so long against Nebuchadnezzar and his forces?  They were being supplied by the vast Phoenician merchant marine/navy with food and weapons and personnel.  Tyre, in that sense, wasn’t an isolated city, she was connected by a powerful merchant marine/navy to a powerful network of sister colonies, such as Carthage and Tarshish, just to name the two major ones.  When the mainland portion of Tyre finally did fall, everyone not captured merely moved to the heavily fortified island portion of the city.  Naturally, they had lost all the surrounding farmland on the mainland, so food had to be imported to the island city of Tyre, a more expensive prospect.  Tyre was still the shipping and trading capital of the world.  But a lot of their business and manufacture of ships, now cut off from their source of the Lebanese forests, shifted as well to Kirjath-Hadeschath or Carthage.  But in 332BC Alexander the Great came along, and built a huge mole out to the island, and then brought huge battering rams and siege towers on wheels which towered just above the height of their walls.  From these towers masses of archers could shoot down on those manning the walls.  Also ramps could be lowered, where Greek troops could surge down onto the top level of the walls of Tyre.  The verse says “they will lay your stones, your timber, and your soil in the midst of the water.” (verse 12).  Remember I said the Tyrians had built huge retaining walls out into the harbor, in the ocean, and then pumped out the sea-water, making part of the city of Tyre below sea-level?  The Greeks destroyed those walls, flooding that portion of Tyre, sending it underwater.  That is what that verse was predicting, and it happened just as it was prophecied in verse 12.  “I will put an end to the sound of your songs, and the sound of your harps shall be heard no more.  I will make you like the top of a rock; you shall be a place for spreading nets, and you shall never be rebuilt, for I the LORD have spoken,’ says the Lord GOD.”


The Mediterranean reverberates at the news of Tyre’s fall


Verses 15-18, “Thus says the Lord GOD to Tyre:  ‘Will the coastlands not shake at the sound of your fall, when the wounded cry, when the slaughter is made in the midst of you?  Then all the princes of the sea will come down from their thrones, lay aside their robes, and take off their embroidered garments; they will clothe themselves with trembling; they will sit on the ground, tremble every moment, and be astonished at you.  And they will take up a lamentation for you, and say to you:


‘How you have perished, O one inhabited by seafaring men, O renowned city, who was strong at sea, she and her inhabitants, who caused terror to be on all her inhabitants!  Now the coastlands tremble on the day of your fall; yes, the coastlands by the sea are troubled at your departure.’


Verses 19-21, “For thus says the Lord GOD:  ‘When I make you a desolate city, like cities that are not inhabited, when I bring the deep upon you, and great waters cover you, then I will bring you down with those who descend into the Pit, to the people of old, and I will make you dwell in the lowest part of the earth, in places desolate from antiquity, with those who go down to the Pit, so that you may never be inhabited; and I shall establish glory in the land of the living.  I will make you a terror, and you shall be no more; though you are sought for, you will never be found again,’ says the Lord GOD.”  The underlined part of the verse did literally happen, when Alexander’s forces destroyed and broke down the huge sea-retaining walls which flooded the lower section of the island-city of Tyre.  But even further, like historic waves, the Phoenician maritime empire was destroyed as well.  In September 480BC the Greek navy under Themistocles won a huge sea-battle against the Persian navy, which was made up chiefly of Phoenician naval vessels from Tyre, Sidon and Carthage.  From then on, the Greek navy slowly but steadily drove the Phoenicians from the eastern Mediterranean.  Then Rome came along, and destroyed Carthage in the Punic Wars, driving the remaining merchant-marine/navy of the Phoenicians for shelter in their far-flung colonies in the British Isles and along the western coastlands of Europe.  Those Phoenician trading outposts and colonies in North America were absorbed into the Native American races or driven away, we’re not sure.  But God’s Word stands.  The Phoenicians are no longer an independent race of people.  If they do continue to exist, it is in pockets of ethnic groups, perhaps as the Venetians of Venice and the Tyroleans of northern Italy.  That a Tyrian-Babylonian mercantile system will arise in the end-times is sure, it’s prophecied in the Book of Revelation.  And it too will meet its final demise, just as the city of Tyre did.


Ezekiel 27:1-36


J. Vernon McGee has, “The preceding chapter gave us the prophecy concerning the destruction of Tyre, and we saw that the prophecy was literally fulfilled.  The ruins of Tyre stand today as a witness to the accuracy of the Word of God.  This was an impressive city in Ezekiel’s day.  Even though he may never have been there, he gives a lamentation for Tyre in this chapter.  He laments the fact that this great city will fall.  It was a great city---I don’t want to minimize its beauty and magnificence.  This is a sad and beautiful chapter in which Ezekiel likens Tyre, the capital of the Phoenician Empire, to a great ship that is wrecked.  I cannot think of a better picture for a seagoing people.  What brought Tyre down?  The same thing that brought down the rock-hewn city of Petra also brought down the great city of Tyre: “The pride of thine heart hath deceived thee…” (Obed. 3).  Pride in the glory, pomp, and prosperity is the thing that has brought down many great nations of the world and reduced them to ruins.  This chapter speaks of how extensive the kingdom of Phoenicia was.  It beings with Chittim (Cyprus), meaning copper, which was one of their colonies, and extends all the way to Tarshish, which means smelting plant or refinery.  Tarshish was sort of a jumping-off place for the Phoenicians [as they sailed from there to Wales for tin, and America for furs and copper, mined in Wisconsin and transported down the Mississippi (see Barry Fell’s “America BC”)].  Jonah bought a ticket to that city, but he never saw it---instead he saw the interior of a big fish!  Tyre was a great commercial center.  Merchants came from all over the world to buy and sell.  You could find just about anything you wanted in Tyre. In verse 17 it says that Israel traded in her markets.  “Minnith” was perhaps olives or figs made into some kind of preserves.  You could buy anything and everything in the markets of Tyre.  If you want a picture of Tyre as the great commercial center, you will see it depicted in a prophecy of Babylon in the future when it will become the commercial, religious and political center of the [western] world.  It will be the capital of the Antichrist.  “The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble, and cinnamon, and odours, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.  And the fruits that thy soul lusted after…” (Revelation 18:12-14).  This is also a picture of London, Paris, Rome, New York City, and Los Angeles.  You can buy anything you want in these cities. If you have the money, you can buy it.  Today is the age of materialism, just as it was in the days of Tyre.  Tyre was like a great ship.  Everything the people needed was on board, and the music was playing.  There was laughter, and the wine and champagne flowed.  It was all there.  Then it all disappeared [just like the HMS Titanic, very good analogy].  God judged it.  Now here is a lamentation and the weeping over that great city [just like everybody has wept and lamented over the fate of the Titanic].  That is exactly what is going to happen in the last days.  In those last days the stock market will fail, and everything you have in your safe deposit boxes won’t be worth a dime, and everything you thought was valuable will suddenly become dust and ashes in your hands.  What a tragic day it was when Tyre fell; what a tragic day it will be when the same thing happens in the future!...Tyre was like a great ship that had gone down at sea.”  [THRU THE BIBLE, Vol. III, pp. 489-490] See for a good HMS Titanic analogy and facts about her sinking. 


Verses 1-11,  “The word of the LORD came again to me, saying, ‘Now, son of man, take up a lamentation for Tyre, and say to Tyre, You who are situated at the entrance of the sea, merchant of the peoples of many coastlands, thus says the Lord GOD:  O Tyre, you have said, I am perfect in beauty.  Your borders are in the midst of the seas.  Your builders have perfected your beauty.  They made your planks of fir trees from Senir; they took a cedar from Lebanon to make you a mast.  Of oaks from Bashan they made your oars;. The company of Ashurites have inlaid your planks with ivory from the coasts of Cyprus.  Fine embroidered linen from Egypt was what you spread for your sail; blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah was what covered you.  Inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad were your oarsmen;. Your wise men, O Tyre, were in you; they became your pilots.  [Comment:  Sidon was the other major city-state that made up the Phoenician Empire when it was centered at Tyre.  Carthage and Tarshish were merely large colonies.]  Elders of Gebal and its wise men were in you to caulk your seams; all the ships of the sea and their oarsmen were in you to market your merchandise.  Those from Persia, Lydia, and Libya [Hebrew: Lud] were in your army as men of war; they hung shield and helmet in you; they gave splendor to you.  Men of Arvad with your army were on your walls all around, and the men of Gammad [men of daring] were in your towers; they hung their shields on your walls all around; they made your beauty perfect.”  Ashurites are mentioned, men of Ashur or Assyria.  As there was Assyrian involvement then, so will there be Assyrian involvement in the Babylonian-Tyrian mercantile system during the end-times.  Sizeable elements of ancient Assyria, in defeat to Babylon, moved northwestward up the Danube River into northeastern and northwestern Europe to what is now Germany.


The Extensive Mercantile Trade System of Tyre


Verses 12-24, “Tarshish was your merchant because of your many luxury goods.  They gave you silver, iron, tin, and lead for your goods.  Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your traders.  [Comment: Javan, the Hebrew word used elsewhere for Greece, listed in the table of nations in Genesis 10 as the son of Noah’s son Japheth, yellow-skinned Mongoloid peoples of the Far East, but also of the white and olive-skinned people of the Mediterranean, such as southern Europeans, Greeks, Cypriots, Italians and Spaniards, traditionally traced back to Javan’s sons Elishah, Kittim and Tarshish, all listed in Ezekiel 27 (verses 6-7, 12).  Tarshish originally settled in Asia Minor (city of Tarsus), with some migrating to Spain, giving their name to Tartessus, the city of Tarshish of the Bible which Jonah tried to flee to.  Tubal, Meshech and Togarmah (verses 13-14) in ancient times lived near the Black Sea.  Today these peoples live in central, western and eastern Russia.]  They bartered human lives and vessels of bronze for your merchandise.  Those from the house of Togarmah traded for your wares with horses, steeds, and mules.  The men of Dedan were your traders; many isles were the market of your hand.  They brought you ivory tusks and ebony as payment.  Syria was your merchant because of the abundance of goods you made.  They gave you for your wares emeralds, purple, embroidery, fine linen, corals, and rubies.  Judah and Israel were your traders.  They traded for your merchandise wheat of Minnith, millet, honey, oil, and balm.  Damascus was your merchant because of the abundance of goods you made, because of your many luxury items, with the wine of Helbon and with the white wool.  Dan and Javan paid for your wares, traversing back and forth.  [Comment:  in verse 19 here, the tribe of Dan is associated with Javan or Greece, probably because the Danites for a brief time settled in Greece.  The Danites were known as a sailing tribe, and plied the seas in their ships, the Danites later becoming the Celts, found throughout BC Europe, Ireland, Denmark, and traveling as far as BC America with the Phoenicians [see Barry Fell’s America BC].  Presently Dan may be found in Ireland (and Scotland, though they don’t like to admit it) and Denmark.  See , ,  and]  Wrought iron, cassia, and cane were among your merchandise.  Dedan was your merchant in saddlecloths for riding.  Arabia and all the princes of Kedar were your regular merchants.  They traded with you in lambs, rams, and goats.  The merchants of Sheba and Raama were your merchants.  They traded for your wares the choicest spices, all kinds of precious stones, and gold.  Haran, Canneh, Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Assyria, and Chilmad were your merchants.  These were your merchants in choice items---in purple clothes, in embroidered garments, in chests of multicolored apparel, in sturdy woven cords, which were in your marketplace.”  Here we get a true picture of the maritime and overland greatness and diversity of the Phoenician Empire, which after the time of David and Solomon, was closely allied, almost as one with the northern ten tribes of Israel, in a prosperous maritime alliance, where the sailors on their ships were manned by both Phoenicians and Israelites, especially Danite/Celtic.  But what God was angry about, and taking vengeance over was how the Phoenician Empire during this alliance had polluted first the House of Israel, and then the House of Judah to the south with Baal-worship, with it’s evil child-sacrifice rituals.  The House of Israel was punished severely for those practices, was conquered and sent into deportation and captivity, then the House of Judah suffered the same divine punishment.  So wouldn’t it stand to reason, since God is fair and just, that the very ones who had been responsible for polluting and infecting God’s people with evil child-sacrificing Baal-worship, should face a similar fate and punishment?  God wouldn’t be fair to not punish the Phoenicians for their part in the spiritual mess they had caused.  God’s judgment is fair and just.  And what is the modern equivalent of Baal-worshipping child sacrifice?  It’s abortion.  Since the beginning of legalized abortion in the 1960s to now an estimated 45 million babies have been killed, murdered, through this modern equivalent of their evil practices.  Do you think we will escape God’s judgment, in the end? 


The Fate of Tyre, Capital City and Jewel of the Phoenician Empire


Verses 25-36, “The ships of Tarshish were carriers of your merchandise.  You were filled and very glorious in the midst of the seas.  Your oarsmen brought you into many waters.  [Comment:  The actual ships of Tarshish were reputed to have been large ocean-going ships based out of Tarshish, a seaport on the Atlantic side of Spain, what is now the seaport of Cadiz, Spain.  It is historic fact that the Phoenicians, embarking from Tarshish in these ships, had ports of call throughout the British Isles, mining tin in Wales, and as Barry Fell brings out in his book America BC mining and transporting copper from mines they had in Wisconsin, and then smelting the tin and copper together into farming implements and weapons of sturdy, durable bronze and reselling these implements throughout their worldwide mercantile trading sphere of influence.  These “ships of Tarshish” were an integral part of this worldwide mercantile system they had set up.  They had to be large and very seaworthy to ply the North Atlantic between Europe and the North American continent, as well as the North Sea between the British Isles and the shores of western Europe where all their other trading colonies had been set up.  Any sailor, whether those in fishing trawlers, or sailors in one of this world’s major navies (US, British, French, German, Russian) would know these ships had to be very sturdy and seaworthy, and probably larger than most would suspect.  See and, and for further proof, you can purchase Barry Fell’s book America BC at]  But the east wind broke you in the midst of the seas.  Your riches, wares, and merchandise, your mariners and pilots, your caulkers and merchandisers, all your men of war who are in you, and the entire company which is in your midst, will fall into the midst of the seas on the day of your ruin.  The common-land will shake at the sound of the cry of your pilots.  All who handle the oar, the mariners, all the pilots of the sea will come down from their ships and stand on the shore.  They will make their voice heard because of you; they will cry bitterly and cast dust on their heads; they will roll about in the ashes; they will shave themselves completely bald because of you, gird themselves with sackcloth, and weep for you with bitterness of heart and bitter wailing.  In their wailing for you they will take up a lamentation, and lament for you:  What city is like Tyre, destroyed in the midst of the sea?  When your wares went out by sea, you satisfied many people; you enriched kings of the earth with your merchandise.  But you are broken by the seas in the depths of waters; [Comment:  When Alexander the Great brought the final destruction to the island portion of the glorious city of Tyre, the portion Nebuchadnezzar could not conquer, Tyre’s huge sea retaining walls, many stories high, were destroyed, flooding all of the portion of this city that had been built below sea-level.]  your merchandise and the entire company will fall in your midst.  All the inhabitants of the isles will be astonished at you; their kings will be greatly afraid, and their countenance will be troubled.  The merchants among the peoples will hiss at you; you will become a horror, and be no more forever.”  This last verse, verse 36 describes, as seen in Revelation chapters 13, 17 and 18, none other than the Babylonish-Tyrian mercantile system which will be set up in Europe, and spanning the globe in a truly global mercantile system rivaling ancient Tyre’s mercantile system, which will also come to its end, at the 2nd Coming of the Messiah, Jesus Christ.


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