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The Importance of a Premillennial


By Marvin Rosenthal 

Millennium, like aluminum, has a nice resonant ring to it.  Say it aloud and hear the reverberations-MILLENNIUM.

          And, sadly, some people think that is about the extent of the significance of the word.  They proudly proclaim, I am not premillennialist, postmillennialist, or amillennialist; I am a panmillennialist-it will all "pan out" in the end.

          These people suggest that the Millennium is a confusing subject with many varying views.  And since scholars stand on both sides of the issue, like the proverbial ostrich, they respond by putting their heads in the sand and pretend the issue doesn't exist.

          That kind of attitude is not a "pan out" but a "cop out" that dishonors the Lord.

          Premillennialism, Postmillennialism, and Amillennialism are three distinct approaches to theology, and as such, they impact a great portion of God's Word.  To treat the issue with a cavalier attitude is, therefore, a terrible mistake. 

          Postmillennialism: Postmillennialism proclaims that the gospel will one day permeate the entire world and bring the Kingdom-that man, unaided by the direct divine intervention, will usher in the golden age, and that following man's achievement, through the spread of the gospel, Christ will physically return to the earth.  At least 6,000 years of history cry aloud and placard boldly-IMPOSSIBLE!

          Notwithstanding some past postmillennial theologians like Jonathan Edwards and Charles Hodge, as well as some present advocates, Postmillennialism is fatally flawed.  Nowhere does a proper exegesis of the Word of God teach that the gospel will successfully permeate the world.

          Such an optimistic view is biblically unwarranted and historically naïve.  The very concept of the Church is that it is an assembly of believes called out of the world and placed by the Spirit into the Body of Christ-not an instrument to live within the world to make it suitable for Christ's return.

          Man's scientific and technological advances have been impressive.  In space, he can place a man on the moon.  On earth, he can "bypass" the heart, "transplant" the heart, and "counterfeit" the heart, but man will never be able to make a "bad heart" good and equip it for heaven.  And the overwhelming majority of men will never accept the gospel [in this age of man]. 

          Notwithstanding all of man's advances in every area of physical endeavor, in the spiritual realm he has not moved himself one inch closer to heaven, nor has he become a more moral being.  This world is no friend of grace; this world is under divine judgment.

          The gospel will not transform the world and bring the Kingdom to which Jesus will one day give His stamp of approval and then return to rule.  Even if it could be successfully argued that the gospel is going to permeate the world, it must be remembered that Christians are sinners saved by grace, still possessing sinful nature.  Believers have problems enough trying to bring unity and tranquility to the local church, where turmoil and splits too frequently occur, let alone trying to establish the glorious, worldwide Kingdom of which the prophets spoke (Isaiah 11-12), and to which Christ will one day return to establish and rule (Revelation 20:1-6). 

          Postmillennialism, in the final analysis, is simply a veiled form of humanism.  It is man supposedly doing through the gospel what only the Son of Man can do at His return and assigning to the Church a task (bringing in the Kingdom) which God never did.

   Amillennialism:  Amillennialism, by its very designation, cries, No millennium. The letter "A" negates, and prefixed to the word millennium says "no millennium."  According to this view, there will be no literal, physical, visible Kingdom on the earth established by Christ and over which He will rule.

          Amillennialism teaches that the Kingdom of God exists now in the hearts of redeemed men.  [There are a couple passages in the Epistles that state this, but these few passages in no way negate the huge number of literal prophecies about the literal coming Kingdom of God.  They merely indicate that we now have the Spirit of the coming kingdom in our hearts now, which we do, the Holy Spirit.]  Originally and fundamentally, Amillennialism was a reaction against Premillennialism rather than a conclusion reached through exposition of the Word of God.

          First, to reach such a conclusion, amillennialists suggest that the myriad of future messianic blessings promised to Israel were preconditioned promises. The nation did not keep the preconditions and thereby forfeited the promises.  Such a view flies callously and unforgivably into the vast amount of biblical truth stretching from Genesis to Revelation, authenticating the unconditional character of the Abrahamic Covenant and its future Kingdom-blessing components.

          The Abrahamic Covenant was no more conditioned, once inaugurated, than the message of salvation by grace through faith is conditioned, once appropriated.

          Secondly, amillennialists have historically brought chaos to an understanding of the doctrine of the Church.  To confuse ancient Israel with the true Church, which began at Pentecost, is to obscure and confuse a great body of biblical truth.  Promises made to Israel are for Israel.  Promises made to the Church are for the Church.

          Blend these two divinely instituted, separate entities into one; deny a literal future Kingdom established by Christ and over which He will one day rule; and the Old Testament prophets, the Gospels, portions of Romans and Acts and the books of Galatians, Hebrews, and Revelation in particular, [and all these] become a patchwork of illogical, unrelated, often-noncohesive facts.  Thus, God's outworking of human history is totally distorted.

          Thirdly, amillennialists are inconsistent in their adherence to the laws of biblical interpretation.  They normally interpret the Word of God historically, grammatically, and literally, as indeed they should.  But when the text relates to Israel and her future Kingdom blessings, they withdraw from normative interpretation to allegorization.

          Thus, when convenient, Israel does not mean Israel; Jerusalem does not mean Jerusalem; the throne of David does not mean the throne of David; Christ's future rule on earth becomes His present rule in the hearts of men; and a one-thousand-year Kingdom Age becomes a hodgepodge of conflicting interpretations.

          Certainly there are figures of speech in the Bible.  But to support amillennial doctrine, amillennialists take figures of speech to an extreme, unfounded position.  What good, then, is an inspired word from God if men allegorize those words to fit their preconceived theological system?

          It is a strange irony that when a text condemns Israel it is interpreted literally.  Israel broke the Law-that is literal Israel.  Israel had their chance-that is literal Israel.  Israel rejected Christ-that is literal Israel.  But when God says that Israel is the apple of His eye (Zechariah 2:8), somehow that becomes the Church.  When it is said that Israel will be head of the nations and not the tail, that is interpreted as the Church.  When God declares, "I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel" (Jeremiah 31:31), amillennialists say the covenant is with the Church.  With amazing, unfounded consistency, they blur the distinction between physical Israel (the natural posterity of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob), physical-spiritual Israel (the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, And Jacob-the Jews who accepted Christ), and spiritual Israelites (Gentiles who, by faith, trusted Christ and thereby entered into the blessing of the Abrahamic Covenant and can, therefore, rightly be called the Israel of God without infringing on the covenant promises to natural Israel). 

          There are glorious and eternal promises given to the Church, but they are distinct and separate from those given to Israel.

          To interpret Israel's promises for the Church or the Church's promises for Israel does irreparable harm to the Word of God and the divine character itself.  It should not be inferred by the statement that follows that the amillennialists are consciously anti-Semitic, but it strongly and uncompromisingly stated that Amillennialism has its fountainhead in Roman theology, which was irrefutably anti-Semitic [read Cecil Roth's "A HISTORY OF THE JEWS From Earliest Times Through The Six Day War" and/or Michael Brown's "Our Hands Are Stained With Blood" For a book report on this one log onto: ]  Therefore, it sought to separate Israel from any promise of restoration at the end of the age and ultimate divine blessing, and at the same time to place on her head all of the divine cursings.  By the fourth century, emerging Roman theology sought to distance itself from all Jewish culture and custom when interpreting the Word of God. 

          Thus, for instance, the date of Easter was set in A.D. 325 at the Church Council of Nicene so that it would not coincide with the Jewish Feast of Passover for centuries.  It wasn't until the sixteenth century that the Reformation fathers broke with Rome over justification by faith and other doctrines. 

          So enmeshed were the Reformers in the battle over these life and death issues [that the gospel of salvation hinges on] that they paid little attention to prophetic matters.  And Amillennialism, as a system of interpretation forged in the crucible of an anti-Semitic Roman environment, continued largely uninterrupted on into Protestantism.  These views are reflected in many of the old classical commentaries and parroted in many of the new ones.  Clearly, few doctrines taught within the Church have done more harm to the cause of Christ.

          Premillennialism:  Premillennialism is a system of theology which teaches that Jesus will return at the end of this age to both initiate and rule a one-thousand-year, literal, and physical Kingdom on the earth.  Satan will be bound [along with all the demons]; the curse of sin will be lifted [end result of Satan no longer being able to broadcast his evil attitudes in the air]; life expectancy will be increased; animals will become benign; the earth will give her full bounty; and peace will at last become a reality in the earth. 

          The word "millennium" comes from two Latin words, mille meaning "thousand" and annus meaning "years"; thus, the concept of a thousand-year Kingdom Age.

          Amillennialists often object to the concept of a literal Kingdom on the grounds that a one-thousand-year Kingdom is only mentioned in one chapter of the Bible; namely, Revelation 20.  And to that they hasten to add the observation that Revelation is a symbolic book.  However, the words "thousand years" are mentioned six times in Revelation, Chapter 20 (vv. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7).  And of paramount importance, the concept of a Kingdom Age permeates the Bible from Genesis to Revelation.  Revelation, Chapter 20, simply adds to the already highly and repetitively established fact of a golden age-its duration of one thousand years.

          The ultimate overriding purpose of human history is the glory of God.  God was not created for man; man was created for God.  Men are not saved primarily so that they can enjoy God in Heaven forever, although, to be sure, that is why most people initially trust the Savior.

          Rather, they are redeemed through divine grace so that God's glory will be manifested through men throughout the endless ages.  God's glory is the sum total of His intrinsic, eternal perfections.  Holiness, justice, truth, love, goodness, mercy, longsuffering, faithfulness, omnipotence, omniscience, omnipresence-these are some of the divine perfections.  When these attributes are displayed, God receives glory.

          God's glory was manifested in creation: "The heavens declare the glory of God, and the firmament showeth his handiwork" (Psalm 19:1).  God's glory was manifested in redemptive history.  Thus, Moses, before going to Egypt to secure the release of his people from Pharaoh, besought God: "Show me thy glory" (Exodus 33:18).  God's glory was manifested in the Tabernacle in the wilderness.  Thus, Israel would learn that their God was a consuming fire (Exodus 24:17).  God's glory was manifested in the Church.  Jesus died on Calvary because God is just and must judge sin.  Jesus died because God is love and, though He hates sin, He loves the sinner.  Jesus died because God is good and merciful and longsuffering.  Calvary, properly understood, is a manifestation of the glory of God; and the true Church has, by faith, been to Calvary.

          Now the Church is called upon to reflect His glory, to proclaim with words and to demonstrate by actions the intrinsic, eternal perfections of God.  Paul wrote to the Church: "Whatsoever you do, do all to the glory of God" (1 Corinthians 10:31).

          God's glory was manifested, above all else, in the person of the Son of God.  The beloved apostle John wrote, "No man hath seen God at any time; [but, in marked contrast] the only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father [the place of intimacy], he hath declared him" (John 1:18).  Men can see the invisible God through the visible Son.  Jesus himself said to His Father, "I have glorified thee on the earth; I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do" (John 17:4).

          God's glory is manifested in still another way, and this bears strongly on the subject of this article.  Speaking through His prophet Isaiah, the Lord proclaimed, "I will place salvation in Zion for Israel, my glory" (Isaiah 46:13).  Israel is God's glory, and if men want to see and know what God is like, they should watch how He deals with Israel.  God calls Israel His "crown of glory" and His "royal diadem" (Isaiah 62:3).

          When the patriarch Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel, was about to leave the land of promise, God said to him, "And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all the places to which thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of" (Genesis 28:15).  And in these five promises the entire history of the nation of Israel was kaleidoscoped:



"I am with thee"


"I will keep thee"


"I will bring thee again"


"I will not leave thee"


"until I have done that which

 I have spoken to thee of"


          If God does not keep His word to Israel, He is not true.  If God does not have power to fulfill His purposes, He is not omnipotent.  If God does not know that certain things are going to occur and gets caught off guard, He is not omniscient.  If God wearied of Israel, He is not longsuffering.  If God has changed His mind He is not immutable.  And in this we must be clear-if God has changed His mind in relation to His purpose for Israel, perhaps He will change His mind concerning His purposes for the Church.  Perhaps we do not have a home of glory.  Perhaps He is going to rescind His grace toward us.  Enough!  God is holy, just, true, loving, good, longsuffering, faithful, omnipotent, immutable, and infinitely more.  In the first instance, the millennial issue is not prophetical, it is theological.  It is not so much a consideration of what will happen tomorrow, it deals with what God's character is like today.  Because He is a faithful God, He will keep His promises to Israel-that requires a literal, millennial Kingdom established by the Lord Jesus Christ.  God will keep His promises to the believer-that requires a home in glory in His presence forevermore.

          Postmillennialism detracts from God's glory by attributing to the Church a purpose God never intended-man through the proclamation of the gospel will bring in the Kingdom.  [In a sense, the final and thorough worldwide proclamation of the gospel of the kingdom Jesus said would be done in Matthew 24:14 will perhaps, due to a larger response we even now can see to its saving message occurring in the 3rd world countries, will trigger Satan to "lose it" mentally and try for the second time to attempt to throw God off his throne in heaven (cf. Revelation 12).  For in Matthew 24:15, we see, right in chronological order, the tribulation starts.  So in a nasty kind of way, the fulfillment of Matthew 24:14, worldwide proclamation of the gospel-brings on the tribulation-which brings on the Day of the Lord, and the 2nd coming of Jesus Christ, which brings on the literal arrival of the Kingdom of God on earth.  But I don't think this is the way the postmillennialists would like to see it happen.  editor] 

          Amillennialism infringes on God's glory by calling into question His attributes-there will be no literal Kingdom.

          Premillennialism acknowledges God's glory by taking God at His word-Jesus will rule-on earth-for one thousand years.  Believe it!  Put it in the bank!  Live in the glorious reality of it!" Written by Marvin Rosenthal.  Copyright © Zion's Fire, September-October 2005 issue.  My comments for clarification are in brackets [ ], editor. 

          For a very thorough and interesting color-coded commentary version of the book of Isaiah, which will show without a doubt, that God intends to fully bless Israel during a coming Kingdom of God set up by the Lord, the Messiah, log onto and click on the particular version you would like, html or pdf file.

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content Editor Peter Benson -- no copyright, except where noted.  Please feel free to use this material for instruction and edification
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